Dr. Josh Snodgrass received his Ph.D. from Northwestern University in 2004 and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Chicago Institute for Mind and Biology in 2005. Snodgrass is currently an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Oregon. Snodgrass’s research focuses on human health and adaptation at the intersection of human physiology, evolutionary biology, nutritional sciences, epidemiology, and the social/behavioral sciences. He is part of several large collaborative projects, including the Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation Project in northeastern Siberia, The Shuar Health and Life History Project in the Amazon region of Ecuador, and the World Health Organization’s multi-country Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). Dr. Snodgrass also directs a human biology research lab that focuses on the development and application of minimally invasive techniques for assessing population health and physiology.
Through the The Indigenous Siberian Health and Adaptation Project, in conjunction with co-director Bill Leonard of Northwestern University and scientists from Russia and the United States, Dr. Snodgrass has found support for the hypothesis that human groups native to cold regions have elevated resting metabolic rates. They are also investigating the influence of post-Soviet socio-cultural change on psychosocial factors that may increase the burden of stroke and heart disease.
The Shuar Health and Life History Project is a collaboration between Dr. Snodgrass and Larry Sugiyama of the University of Oregon. The objectives of the project include studying the effects of cultural and economic change on growth and nutritional patterns in Shuar children and on chronic disease in Shuar adults, using a life history approach to better understand trade-offs in immune function with respect to these changes, and to provide health information to participants and community partners for prevention and treatment purposes.Collecting urine samples for analysis of total energy expenditure using the doubly labeled water technique.
Dr. Snodgrass also directs an ongoing project using stress biomarkers to examine the effects of discrimination on health among Latin American immigrants in Oregon and is a collaborator on the WHO’s SAGE project. SAGE is a multi-wave panel survey of age-related changes in health and well-being examining nationally representative samples from China, Russia, South Africa, Mexico, Ghana, and India.Finally, Dr. Snodgrass collaborates with numerous other investigators on research that address the evolution of the human diet. This has included study of early hominid diets, brain evolution in the genus Homo, early primate ecology and energetics, and Neandertal energetics.